The festival is celebrated on the eighth day (Ashtami) of the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) of the month of Bhadrapad (August-September) in the Hindu calendar. Rasalila, dramatic enactments of the life of Krishna, are a special feature in regions of Mathura and Vrindavan, The Dahi Handi celebrate God's playful and mischievous side, where teams of young men form human towers to reach a high-hanging pot of butter and break it.
Radha Ashtami is commemorated as birth anniversary of Goddess Radha, the consort of Lord Krishna. It falls on Ashtami Tithi during Shukla Paksha of Bhadrapada month. Devotees keep fast on Radha Asthami day. Goddess Radha is worshipped during Madhyahna Kala which is noon time according to Hindu division of the day. Currently Radha Ashtami falls in the month of August or September in English calendar. Radha Ashtami is also known as Radhashtami and Radha Jayanti.
Holi is the most popular festival of Mathura. It is celebrated on the full moon day in the month of Phalguna, which occurs usually on Feb-March. People throw colored powdered dye and also colored water on each other playfully. This festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Braj, Nandagaon, Barsana and Dauji (Baldev). Various kinds of Holi is celebrated across Mathura.
Govardhan Puja, also called Annakut (meaning a heap of grain), is celebrated as the day Krishna defeated Indra. It is the fourth day of Diwali. The day is celebrated on the first lunar day of Shukla Paksha (Bright fortnight) in the Hindu calendar month of Kartika.
Two Days after Diwali and next day of Goverdhan Puja, festival of Yam Dwitiya also known as Bhai Dauj celebrated in Mathura . On this day Brother & Sister together take holy dip in Yamuna River and visit the Yamuna Temple located near Vishram Ghat, Mathura and seek their blessings.
Gurus are believed by many to be the most necessary part of their lives. On this day, disciples offer puja (worship) or pay respect to their Gurus (Spiritual Guide). It falls on the day of full moon, Purnima, in the month of Ashadh (June-July) of the Shaka Samvat. as per Hindu calendar. Many people come to mathura on this day to do the parikrama of Goverdhan as well.
Once a year there is a grand car festival (Ratha Yatra) known as Brahmotsava during the month of Caitra (March-April). This festival lasts for 10 days. According to mythology this Rath Yatra symbolizes the Suryanarayana (The Sun God) nature of Lord Jagannath. During the Rath Yatra it is believed that Lord Shri Jagannath, Devi (Goddess) Subhadra and Lord Thakur Shri Balaram visit their devotees and bless them as they tour through the city seated in their Chariots.